The psalms are distributed over a four-week cycle in such a way that very few psalms are omitted, while some, traditionally more important, occur more frequently than others; morning prayer and evening prayer as well as night prayer have been assigned psalms appropriate to these hours. The office of Sunday begins with evening prayer I, which is taken entirely from the four-week psalter, except those parts that are marked as proper. 29. Copyright © 2020 Eternal Word Television Network, Inc. Irondale, Alabama. 79. Those not present at the solemn celebration of the Vigil should therefore read at least four of its readings with the chants and prayers. The customary reprise of the whole responsory may be omitted when the office is not being sung, unless the sense requires this repetition. 45. Evening Prayer is celebrated with the people (see Liturgy of the Hours, vol. Chapter III-VIII. Henceforth, therefore, the Lord's Prayer will be said with solemnity on three occasions during the day: at Mass, at morning prayer, and at evening prayer. In years with only thirty-three weeks in Ordinary Time, the week immediately following Pentecost is dropped, in order to retain the readings of the last weeks which are eschatological readings. THE IMPORTANCE OF THE LITURGY OF THE HOURS. When the prayer after communion has been said, the psalmody of the hour begins without introduction. Hence, when the community of believers is first mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles, it is seen as a community gathered together at prayer "with the women and Mary, the mother of Jesus, and his brothers" (Acts 1:14). b. Sacred ministers have the liturgy of the hours entrusted to them in such a particular way that even when the faithful are not present they are to pray it themselves with the adaptations necessary under these circumstances. The General Instruction of the Liturgy of Hours in the Roman Rite states: "The public and communal prayer of the people of God is rightly considered among the first duties of the Church. This demands that the significance and function of each part and of singing should be fully respected. [109], United as they are with the bishop and the whole presbyterium, priests are themselves representative in a special way of Christ the Priest [110] and so share the same responsibility of praying to God for the people entrusted to them and indeed for the whole world. [3], Celebrated as it is as the light of a new day is dawning, this hour also recalls the resurrection of the Lord Jesus, the true light enlightening all people (see Jn 1:9) and "the sun of justice" (Mal 4:2), "rising from on high" (Lk 1:78). 280. The same is to be said of collegiate chapters. There we read of the disciples gathered together at the third hour. 106. 44. On solemnities and feasts, however, it is taken from the proper or the common. eBreviary (Daily Liturgy of the Hours - PDF format, Morning Prayer, Daytime Prayer, Evening Prayer, Night Prayer, Office of Readings. Thus Ps 119 is divided in keeping with its own internal structure and is spread over twenty-two days during daytime prayer, because tradition has assigned it to the day hours. 77. 169-172). Great care should be taken to maintain, where it exists, the particular tradition of celebrating evening prayer on Easter Sunday in honor of baptism. The office of readings seeks to provide God's people, and in particular those consecrated to God in a special way, with a wider selection of passages from sacred Scripture for meditation, together with the finest excerpts from spiritual writers. The "hagiographical" readings or readings in honor of saints are either texts from a Father of the Church or another ecclesiastical writer, referring specifically or rightly applicable to the saint being commemorated, or the readings are texts from the saint's own writings, or are biographical. General Instruction of the Liturgy of the Hours GENERAL INSTRUCTION OF THE LITURGY OF THE HOURS . The psalms are sung or said in one of three ways, according to the different usages established in tradition or experience: directly (in diredum), that is, all sing the entire psalm, or antiphonally, that is, two choirs or sections of the congregation sing alternate verses or strophes, or responsorially. 191. Calendar and Option to Choose an Office or Part of an Office, Chapter V: Rites for Celebration in CommonChapter V-I. The longer readings and the short readings are not of themselves designed for singing. 136. These principles form the basis for the reform of the calendar, carried out by order of Vatican Council II, and for the plan for celebrating the saints in the liturgy of the hours that is described in the following paragraphs. It is of great advantage to celebrate, when possible, at least evening prayer with the people, in keeping with a very ancient tradition. Those who take part in the evening Mass of the Lord's Supper or the celebration of the Lord's passion on Good Friday do not say evening prayer on either day. Classifications. The Church's intent that "a more representative portion of the holy Scriptures will be read to the people in the course of a prescribed number of years" [6] applies also to the divine office. 82. The word preces covers both the intercessions at evening prayer and the invocations for dedicating the day to God at morning prayer. The current psalmody consists of three psalms (or parts in the case of longer psalms) from the psalter, with their antiphons, unless directions are given to the contrary. 7. The ecclesial community thus exercises a truly maternal function in bringing souls to Christ, not only by charity, good example, and works of penance but also by prayer. When clerics or religious who are obliged under any title to pray the divine office join in an office celebrated in common according to a calendar or rite different from their own, they fulfill their obligation in respect to the part of the office at which they are present. The psalms, however, are only a foreshadowing of the fullness of time that came to pass in Christ the Lord and that is the source of the power of the Church's prayer. Combining the Hours With Mass or With Each Other. Anything that merely excites amazement should be carefully avoided. General Instruction of the Liturgy of the Hours By United States Conference of Catholic Bis 2003. The decision on which parts to choose for singing follows from the authentic structure of a liturgical celebration. As a response to the word of God, a responsorial. The concluding prayer at the end marks the completion of an entire hour. In the course of time other hours came to be sanctified by prayer in common. Such prayer in common gradually took the form of a set cycle of hours. Plan for the Distribution of the Psalms in the Office, 126. Chapter III-II. 26. The complementary psalter consists of three sets of three psalms, chosen as a rule from the Gradual Psalms. The declarations of Vatican Council II on liturgical singing apply to all liturgical services but in a special way to the liturgy of the hours. Moreover, for Sundays, solemnities, and certain feasts what is said in nos. Without prejudice to the regulations just given, the office of readings may be recited at any hour of the day, even during the night hours of the previous day, after evening prayer has been said. 118. History *Taft, Robert. The psalmody is next, then the reading, followed by the verse. [66], Hence, not only when those things are read "that are written for our instruction" (Rom 15:4), but also when the Church prays or sings, faith is deepened for those who take part and their minds are lifted up to God, in order to offer him their worship as intelligent beings and to receive his grace more plentifully. �tv��}���A�6��h ��i�7�w:�I w�=7�2���U�`2 �l� ����z A�� �5�O�e�3um�^u�0����f�������2}�`��K���`�����*�&�5MO���YU����?�R[���3��X5�G����\��Vt�i���ζh�SZ8���Ú�a �ö�Ѹ��u�E���ZߘE��U1��~Zuo�U���*͛h�Ϛ^� Z�������Vw�>/c=Z�ͭj�ܚ�V�}'�[��|��������?�&���5�}"ߪ�{�b�S�y�=e��%� �B�^ 282. What does GILH stand for? 233. Public and common prayer by the people of God is rightly considered to be among the primary duties of the Church. On the Monday after Pentecost Sunday the cycle of readings in Ordinary Time is resumed, beginning with the week after the one interrupted because of Lent; the reading assigned to the Sunday is omitted. 1879) 94. In the interest of variety and especially of giving fuller expression to the many needs of the Church and of all people in relation to different states of life, groups, persons, circumstances, and seasons, different intercessory formularies are given for each day of the four-week psalter in Ordinary Time and for the special seasons of the liturgical year, as well as for certain feasts. Prayer directed to God must be linked with Christ, the Lord of all, the one Mediator [47] through whom alone we have access to God. In the office of readings, the current cycle of sacred Scripture must always be respected. Different methods can therefore be used for the intercessions. The “General Instruction on the Liturgy of the Hours” is a long document which introduces ... 4 “General Instruction on the Liturgy of the Hours” nn. 163. Varying these ways should depend not so much on external circumstances as on the different genres of the psalms to be recited in the same celebration. Then a hymn appropriate to the hour is sung. [121] Hence, whenever it is possible to have a celebration in common, with the people present and actively taking part, this kind of celebration is to be preferred to one that is individual and, as it were, private. 179-193). Furthermore, in the office hymns are the main poetic element created by the Church. There follows the Glory to the Father, with As it was in the beginning and Alleluia (omitted in Lent). Communities bound to choir should celebrate the whole sequence of the hours daily in choir; [118] when absent from choir their members should recite the hours in keeping with their own particular law; but the prescriptions in no. This, however, will be more difficult in some languages, unless singing makes the texts more clearly audible for all.Endnotes. It can also be found online: General Instruction of the Liturgy of the Hours. The prophets came almost to a vision of this liturgy of heaven as the victory of a day without night, of a light without darkness: "The sun will no more be your light by day, and the brightness of the moon will not shine upon you, but the Lord will be your everlasting light" (Is 60:19; see Rv 21:23 and 25). Condition: New. All make the sign of the cross, from forehead to breast and from left shoulder to right, at: a. the beginning of the hours, when God, come to my assistance is being said; b. the beginning of the gospel, the Canticles of Zechariah, of Mary, and of Simeon. General instruction on the liturgy of the Hours Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item . In this way human frailty, wounded by self-love, is healed in proportion to the love that makes the heart match the voice that prays the psalms. On greater solemnities the wearing of the cope by many priests or of the dalmatic by many deacons is permitted. The Fathers and spiritual writers have frequently encouraged Christians, especially those who lead the contemplative life, to pray during the night. 211. The office of readings also offers the option to choose, with a good reason, another reading from the same season, taken from The Liturgy of the Hours or the optional lectionary (no. Morning prayer and evening prayer are therefore to be accorded the highest importance as the prayer of the Christian community. At night prayer, the prayer is always the prayer given in the psalter for that hour. Priesthood of Christ in the Liturgy of the Hours, 13. Readings in Honor of Saints. This is why prophetic books are read along with the historical books, but with due consideration of the period in which the prophets lived and taught. The General Instruction on the Liturgy of the Hours says “This Hour, recited as the light of a new day dawns, recalls the resurrection of the Lord Jesus, the true light, enlightening every man” (§38). The General Instructions on the Liturgy of the Hours state very clearly that the Liturgy of the Hours is not a “private function,” but “p... 107 views Write a comment 1 111). 125. Its application offers the possibility of a rich and pleasing variety. Responsories set to simpler melodies can be sung more frequently than those responsories drawn from the traditional liturgical books. On other days the prayers are those that express the character of the particular hour. Between the psalmody and the readings there is, as a rule, a verse, marking a transition in the prayer from psalmody to listening. "In the days of his life on earth he offered up prayers and entreaties with loud cries and tears to the one who could deliver him from death and because of his reverence his prayer was heard" (Heb 5:7). 17. "The sung. 94. The norms that follow apply to the saints entered in the General Roman Calendar and to those with a place in particular calendars. Therefore the singing of the office is earnestly recommended to those who carry out the office in choir or in common." In the psalter of The Liturgy of the Hours a caption is given for each psalm to explain its meaning and its import for the personal life of the believer. 134. [74] By faith we too are taught the meaning of our temporal life, so that we look forward with all creation to the revealing of God's children. AGeneral Instruction of the Liturgy of the Hours@ (henceforth GILH) in The Liturgy of the Hours According tot he Roman Rite. Care must be taken, however, that this does not result in harm to pastoral work, especially on Sundays. See Lk 10:21, the occasion when Jesus "rejoiced in the Holy Spirit and said: 'I thank you, Father...'". But it is no easy task to sing the entire office; nor is the Church's praise to be considered either by origin or by nature the exclusive possession of clerics and monks but the property of the whole Christian community. Memorials are either obligatory memorials or, when not so classified, optional memorials. 121. 103. 41. Already "the end of the ages has come upon us (see I Cor 10:11) and the renewal of the world has been irrevocably established and in a true sense is being anticipated in this world." The Liturgy of the Hours in East and West: … Emphasis should be given to the individual spiritual characteristics of the saints, in a way suited to modern conditions; stress should also be laid on their contribution to the life and spirituality of the Church. Hence, in celebrating the liturgy singing is not to be regarded as an embellishment superimposed on prayer; rather, it wells up from the depths of a soul intent on prayer and the praise of God and reveals in a full and complete way the community nature of Christian worship. Hence, when the people are invited to the liturgy of the hours and come together in unity of heart and voice, they show forth the Church in its celebration of the mystery of Christ. See Col 3:17; Phil 4:6; 1 Thes 5:17; 1 Tm 2:1. The celebrations of the saints are arranged so that they do not take precedence over those feast days and special seasons that commemorate the mysteries of salvation. 69. 157. Pride of place is given to the Fathers because of their distinctive authority in the Church. 83. The Fathers of the Church frequently explained this as an exhortation to offer prayer in the morning and in the evening. 33. Even when having no obligation to communal celebration, all sacred ministers and all clerics living in a community or meeting together should arrange to say at least some part of the liturgy of the hours in common, particularly morning prayer and evening prayer. [1]. Care has also been taken to ensure variety. 198. 250. 21. [62] There Christ himself is present - in the gathered community, in the proclamation of God's word, "in the prayer and song of the Church." Cyprian, De oratione dominica 35: PL 4, 561. 61. The New Testament canticle is noted in its appropriate place. At the end of the office of readings the Te Deum and the proper prayer are said. 246. 33; see also PC nos. Readings From Sacred ScriptureReading of Sacred Scripture in General. The general intercessions are made in the place and form customary at Mass. 37. [57], Hence, "that the day may be truly sanctified and the hours themselves recited with spiritual advantage, it is best that each of them be prayed at a time most closely corresponding to the true time of each canonical hour." During Ordinary Time, however, on a particular day or for a few days in succession, it is permissible, for a good reason, to choose readings from those provided on other days or even other biblical readings - for example, on the occasion of retreats, pastoral gatherings, prayers for Christian unity, or other such events. In order therefore to strike a balance in length (otherwise difficult to achieve in view of the different literary genres of the books), some verses are occasionally omitted, though omissions are always noted. The psalmody of morning prayer follows as usual, up to, but excluding, the reading. [3] Though every part of it has been revised in such a way that all may be fruitfully recited even by individuals, many of these parts are lyrical in form and do not yield their fuller meaning unless they are sung, especially the psalms, canticles, hymns, and responsories. Morning prayer and evening prayer are therefore to be accorded the highest importance as the prayer of the Christian community. On many occasions he said: "Pray," "ask," "seek" [30] "in my name." Three psalms (78, 105, and 106) are reserved for the seasons of Advent, Christmas, Lent, and Easter, because they throw a special light on the Old Testament history of salvation as the forerunner of its fulfillment in the New. 183. The readings, prayers, songs, and intercessions appointed for the weekdays of a particular season may be used on other weekdays of the same season. [63], 14. 147. 0 The second reading is about the saint, with a proper responsory or one taken from the common; if there is no proper reading, the patristic reading for the day is used. In fact a complete understanding of many of the psalms is greatly assisted by singing them or at least not losing sight of their poetic and musical character. See ibid. New hymns can be set to traditional melodies of the same rhythm and meter. 235. [7] Again, in order to fix our hope on the light that knows no setting, "we pray and make petition for the light to come down on us anew; we implore the coming of Christ who will bring the grace of eternal light." Some of these interpretations are doubtless Christological only in an accommodated sense, but they have the support of the Church's tradition. 222. The antiphons for the Canticles of Zechariah and of Mary are taken, during Ordinary Time, from the Proper of Seasons, if they are given there; if not, they are taken from the current week and day of the psalter. �UM��))K8 �Ll�x�����K֦*��s����p�'S1�e�����҅L�1�Ҋ��J. Those then who take part in the liturgy of the hours bring growth to God's people in a hidden but fruitful apostolate, [81] for the work of the apostolate is directed to this end, "that all who are made children of God by faith and baptism should come together to praise God in the midst of this Church, to take part in the sacrifice, and to eat the Lord's Supper." Other chants with the same purpose and character may also be substituted in its place, provided these have been duly approved by the conference of bishops. [106]Mandate to Celebrate the Liturgy of the Hours, 28. When any happen to fall during Lent in a given year, they are treated as optional memorials. On Sundays, solemnities, and feasts, on Ash Wednesday, during Holy Week, and during the octave of Easter, memorials that happen to fall on these days are disregarded. Chapter III-X. "The sung celebration of the divine office is more in keeping with the nature of this prayer and a mark of both higher solemnity and closer union of hearts in offering praise to God. [82], Thus by their lives the faithful show forth and reveal to others "the mystery of Christ and the real nature of the true Church. 51. Their public or communal celebration should be encouraged, especially in the case of those who live in community. The Church commissions them to celebrate the liturgy of the hours so as to ensure at least in their persons the regular carrying out of the duty of the whole community and the unceasing continuance of Christ's prayer in the Church. 140-155). 254. It is permissible, however, either to keep this traditional way or to pause between the different sections of the same psalm or to recite the whole psalm and its antiphon as a single unit without a break. [9]. Chapter IV: Various Celebrations Throughout the Year, Chapter IV-I. Clearly the psalms are closely bound up with music (see nos. 278. 265. 145. Responsories Chapter III-X. 207. 25. 8. [10] For this reason the office of readings consists also of psalms, a hymn, a prayer, and other texts, giving it the character of true prayer. 102. 53. Proper readings are assigned for solemnities and feasts; otherwise the readings are taken from the respective Common of Saints. It is a laudable practice to have next an examination of conscience; in a celebration in common this takes place in silence or as part of a penitential rite based on the formularies in the Roman Missal. "The vigil of this night," as St. Augustine said, "is of such importance that it could claim exclusively for itself the name 'vigil,' common though this is to all the others." This site is like a library, you could find million book here by using search box in the header. MusSacr no. [4]. Since there are special readings from 17 to 24 December (both dates included), readings for the Third Week of Advent which fall on these dates are omitted. Vatican Council II decreed that these lesser hours are to be retained in choir. A psalm does present a text to the minds of the people, but its aim is to move the heart of those singing it or listening to it and also of those accompanying it "on the lyre and harp.". The Te Deum follows, then the prayer of the day. There are also circumstances occasionally arising when it is permissible to choose suitable psalms and other texts in the way done for a votive office. On solemnities and feasts, during the Easter triduum, and on the days within the octaves of Easter and Christmas, proper psalms are assigned to the office of readings from those with a tradition of use at these times and their relevance is generally highlighted by the choice of antiphon. In his goodness the Son of God, who is one with his Father (see Jn 10:30) and who on entering the world said: "Here I am! When more than one optional memorial falls on the same day, only one may be celebrated; the rest are omitted. 68. In place of the Sunday psalms of the current week, there is an option to substitute the Sunday psalms of a different week, and, in the case of an office celebrated with a congregation, even other psalms especially chosen to lead the people step by step to an understanding of the psalms. 225-233 should be observed, with any necessary changes. 228. See General Norms for the Liturgical Year and the Calendar no. 149. As the Spirit of the Son, he gives us "the spirit of adopted children, by which we cry out: Abba, Father" (Rom 8:15; see Gal 4:6; 1 Cor 12:3; Eph 5:18; Jude 20). 221. 36. [65], Those taking part in the liturgy of the hours have access to holiness of the richest kind through the life-giving word of God, which in this liturgy receives great emphasis. 130. The liturgy of the hours is a celebration in praise of God. .". Those who pray the psalms in the name of the Church should be aware of their full sense (sensus plenus), especially their Messianic sense, which was the reason for the Church's introduction of the psalter into its prayer. But besides the praise of God, the Church in the liturgy of the hours expresses the prayers and desires of all the faithful; indeed, it prays to Christ, and through him to the Father, for the salvation of the whole world. [107], The bishop represents Christ in an eminent and conspicuous way and is the high priest of his flock; the life in Christ of his faithful people may be said in a sense to derive from him and depend on him. Thus, from the Head all the riches belonging to the Son flow throughout the whole Body: the communication of the Spirit, the truth, the life, and the participation in the divine sonship that Christ manifested in all his prayer when he dwelt among us. 55. For "in the local Church the one, holy, catholic, and apostolic Church is truly present and at work." Certain feasts what is the prelude to morning prayer and evening prayer with. Psalmist will also be present doubtless Christological only in an accommodated sense, but,... Together with the prayer after communion and the same is to sanctify the morning and in Liturgy... He taught us: `` you must pray at all times and not dif6cult to understand especially! 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